The Undertaking of the Under-shepherd
Ephesians 4:11 …and he gave…pastors…
Intro: There are several unique Biblical words that define/describe this office:
Overseer: 1985 episkopov episkopos ep-is’-kop-os
- AV-bishop 6, overseer 1; 7 1) an overseer; a man charged with the duty of seeing that things to be done by others are done rightly, any curator, guardian or superintendent; the superintendent, elder, or overseer of a Christian church
Bishop: 6 times; once the office of bishop episkoph episkope ep-is-kop-ay’
- AV-visitation 2, bishoprick 1, office of a bishop 1; 4
1) investigation, inspection, visitation
1a) that act by which God looks into and searches out the ways, deeds character, of men, in order to adjudge them their lot accordingly, whether joyous or sad
1b1) overseership, office, charge, the office of an elder
1b2) the overseer or presiding officers of a Christian church
Pastor: 07462 her ra‘ah raw-aw’ AV-feed 75, shepherd 63, pastor 8, herdmen 7, keep 3, companion 2, broken 1, company 1, devour 1, eat 1, entreateth 1, misc 10; 173
1) to pasture, tend, graze, feed
1a1) to tend, pasture
1a1a) to shepherd
1a1b) of ruler, teacher (fig)
1a1c) of people as flock (fig)
1a1d) shepherd, herdsman (subst)
1a2) to feed, graze
1a2a) of cows, sheep etc (literal)
1a2b) of idolater, Israel as flock (fig)
1b) (Hiphil) shepherd, shepherdess
2) to associate with, be a friend of (meaning probable)
2a) (Qal) to associate with
2b) (Hithpael) to be companions
3) (Piel) to be a special friend
It is this primary definition that I want to look at today.
The pastor is an Under-shepherd.
First Mention Principle of the word “shepherd” is found in Genesis 64:31
Genesis 46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Notice that the context of this first usage of the word:
A. The Shame of the Occupation– Joseph wanted his brothers to disguise their true occupation
Being a pastor is not a cool occupation.
That is why many of these new age pastors are calling themselves “Life Coachs”.
They are “Motivational Speakers” and “Apostles”.
The unsaved mock the occupation of the pastor.
The backslid avoid the pastor.
Our phone calls and text messages get ignored almost as much as a telemarketer.
B. The Stigma of the Occupation – for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians
I find it interesting that the first time the word SHEPHERD is found, it is described through the eyes of the Egyptians.
Of course, we know that Jesus Christ is the TRUE SHEPHERD.
The world hates Him. They hate everything about Him.
- John 15:18 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you.
They hate the under-shepherd because they hate the True Shepherd!
C. The Scorn of the Occupation – just feed sheep? Is that all they do?
One of the most misunderstood occupations in the world is that of the God-called pastor.
Thanks to Hollywood, the stereotypes of a pastor has been distorted.
If you’re a sheep, you realize that there is much more to being a shepherd than just feeding.
The Undertakings of the Under-shepherd are…
I. To Protect
NOTE: Notice this example from I Samuel 17
- 34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father’s sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
- 35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
- 36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
- 37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.
I love it how that David delivered the sheep from the lion, and God delivered HIM from them too.
I love it how David didn’t leave it up to God to deliver the sheep. He knew his job!!
Much of the Pastor’s job today is to warn and protect the flock of God.
- Acts 20:29-31 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
- Matthew 7:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
- Philippians 3:2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.
- Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
- 2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
John 10 – hirelings
- 11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
- 12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
- 13 The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
II. To Prepare
- 2 Timothy 2:2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.
- Colossians 1:28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
III. To Provide
- Jeremiah 3:15 And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.
It’s not the pastor’s job to provide entertainment.
But to feed the flock with knowledge and understanding.
Through preaching; through teaching; through all the counsel of God.
- Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
- 1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
- Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.
IV. To Promote
- 1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
- II Thess. 3:7-9 For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us: for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you; Neither did we eat any man’s bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you: Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.