Taking Away the Reproach
1 Samuel 17:26
And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
Intro: One of the key words in this chapter is the word REPROACH.
In fact, this entire chapter is about reproach.
- The Appearing of the Reproach
- The Attitude toward the Reproach
- The Annihilation of the Reproach
DEFINITION: reproach; resting upon condition of shame, disgrace
I want to preach tonight out of this chapter, focusing on the statement David made in verse 26: …taketh away the reproach from Israel.
Tonight, I need to go on record.
This message is not primarily for Calvary Baptist Church.
This message is being preached for several reasons:
- I need to REINFORCE MY STAND about a reproach.
- I want to RECRUIT MORE SOLDIERS to help take away the reproach.
- I want to REVIEW THE SECRET to taking away the reproach.
- I want to REPEAT TO THE SOURCES of the reproach my resolve to take away the reproach.
This is one of the handful of times I have preached a message to my church for the primary benefit of those NOT here.
I have preached two messages that I know of in the last 5 years addressing this issue.
One was in November of 2017. I preached a message entitled “Hanged and Drowned” on the evils of abusing children.
Then, on May 20th, 2018, I preached a message entitled “Justice and Judgment”.
Both of these messages were preached along the subject matter of sexual abuse and sexual predators.
I haven’t preached on it extensively since.
But tonight, I need to preach on it again.
I want to be clear – I am not riding a hobby horse.
I have exercised an enormous amount of restraint to not say any more about it than I do.
The life that I now live, I live helping carry the burden of abuse victims all over this country.
The life that I lived prior to May of 2018 is gone forever.
I deal with people affected by this problem every week of my life.
I want to use the story of David and Goliath to represent the struggle and battle we face.
The people of God are being confronted by a reproach that is unlike any other.
FIVE times we find the word DEFY or DEFIED in this chapter:
- 1 Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
- 1 Samuel 17:25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father’s house free in Israel.
- 1 Samuel 17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
- 1 Samuel 17:36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
- 1 Samuel 17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
It is important to understand – Goliath wasn’t defying God.
All five times, it is abundantly clear – Goliath was defying the ARMIES OF THE LIVING GOD.
Today, the church – the New Testament version of the ARMIES OF THE LIVING GOD is being defied by a giant.
That giant is sexual abuse, predators, perverts, deviant people that prey and victimize God’s people.
The reproach is the terrible reputation and bad publicity that has come to the church in the last few years.
The reproach is the shame and the embarrassment and disgrace that has been attached to the church.
The giant is still today defying the armies of the living God and bringing reproach on the people of God.
I want to be a David!
We need a lot of David’s!!
We need each of you to be a David!
How did we get to the place where fundamental Baptist preachers are falling out with each other over this?
I can halfway understand preachers disagreeing on ministry philosophy.
I can understand preachers dividing over Bible translation issues.
I get it that preachers will disagree over dress standards and music standards.
But how in the world did we get to the place where independent, fundamental, separated, soul-winning, missionary supporting Baptist preachers are separating and fighting amongst themselves over pedophiles, sexual abusers and child molesters??
This reproach – this shameful disgrace that has scarred our reputation and marred our credibility MUST BE TAKEN AWAY!!
There are several things I want to notice about David and his desire to TAKE AWAY THE REPROACH.
I. Notice David’s Hearing – vs. 23
Notice verse 23: As he talked with them…David heard them.
One of the biggest problems today is getting people to stop talking long enough to listen.
David was sent by his father in verse 18 to look how his brethren were, and take their pledge.
But notice – he wasn’t so busy talking to THEM that he couldn’t hear the other “them”.
The first THEM was the brethren. The second THEM was the words of the Philistine.
He had been speaking these same words – twice a day – for 40 days.
Verse 11 says – “When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.”
They had heard them, but not the magnitude of them.
But nobody had really heard them.
They heard the words, but they were missing the message.
NOTE: Eliab’s anger was kindled against David WHEN HE HEARD David speak unto the men.
How is that possible?
How can a man get angrier with his BROTHER over asking a few questions about the reproach, than he does over the one CAUSING the reproach?
It’s simple. He was afraid of Goliath; he wasn’t afraid of David. (see verse 11 and verse 24)
He was a bully. He was using his status as David’s older brother to intimidate and hurt him.
He didn’t have the courage to inflict hurt on the giant, so he chose to hurt his brother to mask his fear.
He didn’t have the guts to confront the giant, so he chose to confront his brother.
Eliab was a great warrior when it came to PERSONALITY CONFLICTS.
But he was a coward when it came to PRINCIPLES.
Eliab was an expert at picking fights with his family, but worthless as a soldier.
David had nothing against Goliath PERSONALLY.
David’s was not with the giant per se, but with WHAT THE GIANT REPRESENTED.
The giant was a symbol. The giant had chosen to be the figure; the face; the foe of God’s people.
David wasn’t bothered by personalities; he was bothered by principles.
His question in verse 29 was clear – IS THERE NOT A CAUSE?
Eliab tried to make it about David – David didn’t fall for it.
It wasn’t even about Goliath – it was about the reproach that Goliath represented.
It didn’t matter to David that he happened to be bigger than everyone else.
It didn’t matter that he had a big mouth.
It didn’t matter than he had been doing what he was doing for a long time.
When David heard his words, it changed everything.
NOTE: What David heard caused him to neglect his previous commitment.
He left the carriage in the hand of a keeper.
We never see him dispersing the parched corn, the loves and the ten cheeses.
Sometimes, when you hear something, you have to take a detour and do something.
II. Notice David’s Heart
Look at the words of his older brother, Eliab in verse 28: I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart…
We have no record that Eliab or Saul or anybody ever responded verbally to Goliath for 40 days.
Yet David walked up and within a few minutes, everybody was fussing at David.
Eliab professed to know David’s heart.
NOTE: Eliab did not have anything to say to Goliath about his defiance and his reproach, but he waxed eloquent toward David about his heart.
Eliab had no discernment about the seriousness of Goliath’s actions, but he had perfect discernment about David’s heart??!!
TURN TO CHAPTER 16.
Samuel came to anoint a son of Jesse. Notice what he said when he saw Eliab.
- I Samuel 16:6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD’S anointed is before him.
Notice verse 7 – God said I HAVE REFUSED HIM. Why? Because the Lord looketh on the heart!
God rejected Eliab because of his heart.
God chose David because he was a man AFTER GOD’S OWN HEART. (13:14)
So David’s heart was a major part of this story. What he HEARD affected his HEART.
Eliab professed to know David’s heart. But he didn’t!
The problem here was not David’s pride. It was Eliab’s (and everybody else’s) obsession with self-preservation.
III. Notice David’s Hindrances
The amount of opposition that David encountered BEFORE FIGHTING THE GIANT was unbelievable.
He got ABSOLUTELY NO SUPPORT. NONE.
A. Arrogant Brethren – vs. 28
B. Abner, the Captain of the Host
By the way, Where was Abner, captain of the host during all this?
He’s does not even show up until verse 55.
He’s like a blister. He shows up when the job is done!
If I had a man issuing a challenge for 40 days, and a kid went and did it, I’d fire that worthless idiot
C. The Authority in his life
Saul – what a blessing!
He’s head and shoulders taller than anybody else in the kingdom (9:2)
He should have been the one out fighting the giant.
But instead, he spent all his energy trying to talk the ONE PERSON willing to fight out of it!
- 33 – Thou art not able to go against the Philistine…
- 38, 39 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
David said, – Return mail to sender! I don’t want your armor!
Saul didn’t want to fight, but he wanted to tell David how to do it.
He had no desire to face the giant, but he insisted on telling David how to do it.
David said – I HAVE NO PROVED THEM.
D. The Armor bearer
- 7 …and one bearing a shield went before him.
- 41 – And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.
David not only had to contend with the giant, but also with those that made it their job to protect him.
Not only was he outsized, he was outnumbered.
David was Saul’s armor bearer in 16:21. Where was David’s armor bearer?
There were a whole lot of people standing on the sidelines secretly hoping that David would win, but there was no one willing to go out there with him to face the giant.
There was not ONE SINGLE PERSON ON THAT HILLSIDE that was willing to help David.
NOTE: The giant had HIS protection detail.
The giant had his little buddy that made it his business to deflect any attacks.
The giant had his groupie making sure the giant didn’t get hurt.
(Expound on those protecting the reproach)
The reproach was on the entire nation of Israel. Not just David.
The cause was all theirs.
REALIZE THIS INSANE FACT: The freedom of the entire nation was at stake.
- Verse 8, 9 choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
They were more willing to risk being slaves to the Philistines than they were to go help David fight that giant!
IV. Notice David’s Hands
David’s hearing and David’s heart wouldn’t have amounted to a hill of beans if he hadn’t been willing to do something about it.
The problem with the shortage of “David’s” in this generation is very few people want to get their hands dirty doing what needs to be done.
David’s hands are referred to indirectly several times, and directly no less than 8 times!
Notice how many times we see the Scripture pointing to the hands of David.
A. They were Hands of Experience
Experienced at Playing – 16:23
Experienced at Protecting – 17:35
B. They were Hands of Expectation – vs. 37
He wasn’t worried about the “hand of the Philistine” because he had already experienced supernatural working in his own hands!!!
He took his staff IN HIS HAND – vs. 40
He took his sling IN HIS HAND – vs. 40
He expected God to deliver him INTO MINE HAND – vs. 46, OUR HANDS – vs. 47
He threatened to cut off Goliath’s head – (vs. 46)
But there was no sword in the HAND OF DAVID – vs. 50
Guess what. David had Saul’s sword in his hand, but didn’t want it.
He planned on taking Goliath’s sword.
C. They were hands of Exhibition– vs. 57
- 57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine IN HIS HAND.
V. Notice David’s Hurt
Look at verse 55-58
Saul didn’t know who he was.
Abner, the captain of the host didn’t know who he was.
The hurt is not mentioned.
But look at Chapter 16:14-23
David was described as the son of Jesse in verse 18.
Saul sent messengers unto Jesse to fetch David in verse 19
David came to Saul in verse 21 and stood before him and loved him greatly and became his armor bearer.
Saul sent word unto Jesse to ask if David could stand before him.
In chapter 17, David had a fact to face conversation with Saul.
He even mentioned watching his father’s sheep in verse 34.
But after the battle was won, and the reproach was taken away, there was ZERO RECOGNITION.
NOTE: David didn’t do it for recognition.
He didn’t do it to make friends and for politics. He did it to TAKE AWAY THE REPROACH!
Question: How could Abner be the captain of the host and not know Saul’s own personal armor bearer?
There was no thanks. There was no appreciation.
There was no apologies for being so discouraging and negative.
Just – Who’s your daddy? – thou young man. (17:58)
He did get a promotion in Chapter 18:5, but EVEN THOUGH HE WAS ACCEPTED IN THE SIGHT OF ALL THE PEOPLE AND ALSO IN THE SIGHT OF SAUL’S SERVANTS…
Saul got wroth in verse 8
- eyed him in verse 9
- and tried to kill him in verse 10-12
- sent him out of the palace in verse 13
- and then was afraid of him in verse 15.
- Then he tried to get him killed multiple times in the rest of chapter 18
- …and finally became David’s enemy continually. (verse 29)
CONCLUSION: My favorite part of this story is the noticeable growth in David after winning this amazing battle.
- 18:5 David behaved wisely
- 18:14 David behaved himself wisely in all his ways
- 18:15 David behaved himself very wisely
- 18:30 David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.
How did this happen?
A shepherd boy HEARD a reproach. It affected HIS HEART. He strengthened his hands, and in spite of the HINDRANCES and the HURT, he did what he could to TAKE AWAY THE REPROACH from the armies of God.